Islamic Chemist

LOCAL NAMES FOR HERBS and PLANTS

LOCAL NAMES FOR HERBS and PLANTS 

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Fenugreek – ewedu in yoruba, hulba in Hausa

Hibiscus plant – Zobo

Tumeric – ata Ile pupa in Yoruba

Cayenne – Bawa

Chilli – Shombo in Yoruba

Black pepper – iyere in Yoruba, Oziza in igbo

Thorny pigweed/prickly amaranth – tete eleegun in Yoruba

alternanthera nodiflora – Dagunro

Butryospermum paradoxum – Shea tree – Ori in Yoruba

Allium sativum -Garlic – Ayu in Yoruba

Capsicum frutescens – Tabasco pepper – Ata-wewe

Lactuca capensis – Wild Lettuce – Yanrin

Bryophyllum pinnatum – Air Plant, Life Plant, Miracle Leaf or Goethe Plant – Abamoda

Zingiber officinale – Ginger – Jinja, Atale in Yoruba

Dioscorea dumetorum – Sweet Yam- Esuru

Enantia chloranta – Awopa

Khaya grandifoliola, K. senegalensis, K. ivorensis – Oganwo

Sphenocentrum jollyanum – Akerejupon

Olax subscorpioidea – Ifan, Ifon

Tetrapleura tetraptera – Aidan, Aridan

Lecaniodiscus cupanioides – Akika

Lippia multiflora – Efirin-gogoro, Efirin-oko

Jatropha curcas – Botuje, Lapalapa

Jatropha gossypifolia – cotton-leaf

physicnut- Botuje pupa

Jatropha multifida – coral plant, physic

nut or Guatemala rhubarb – Ogege

Cymbopogon citratus – lemon grass- Kooko-oba

Pterocarpus erinaceus – Apepo, Agbelosun

Pterocarpus osun – Osun

Pterocarpus santalinioides – Gbengbe

Catharanthus roseus -Madagascar rosy periwinkle – Apabida pupa

Carica papaya – Papaya – Ibepe

Dioclea scandens – Dasa

Dioclea reflexa – Agbarin, Epe, Arin

Yoruba Names for plants

Lawsonia inermis – Henna plant – Laali, Lali

Ficus exasperata -Ficus Tree – Epin

Ficus asperifolia – Ipin

Ficus capensis – Opoto

Ficus elegans – Asoro

Ficus mucuso – Odan-afomo

Ficus thoningii – Odan-abaa

Ficus vallis-choudae – Ogunro

Vernonia amygdalina – Ewuro

Phyllanthus amarus – stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf- Eyin-olobe

Mucuna sloanei – Werepe

Mucuna pruriens – Ewe-ina, Yerepe

Alstonia congensis – Ahun

Mangifera indica – Mango – Mangoro in yoruba

Nauclea latifolia – Egbesi

Sorghum bicolor – Poroporo okababa

Senna fistula – Aidantoro

Erythophleum suaveolens – Erun obo, Olu-obo

Ocimum gratissimum – Clove Basil- Efirin

Telfaria occidentalis – Fluted gourd – Ugwu

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides – Senegal prickly-ash or artar root – Orin ata

Acalypha wilkesiana – Jiwini, Ewe larapupa

Sida cordifolia – flannel weed – Iso-obo

Sida pilosa – Eesinle

Sida rhombifolia – Iseketu pupa

Thaumatococcus danielli – Ewe moi-moi

Azadirachta indica – Neem, Nimtree or Indian Lilac – Dongoyaro

Aloe vera – Ahon-erin

Aloe barteri – Eti-erin, Ida-egun, Ida-orisa

Garcinia kola – bitter kola – Orogbo

Ageratum conyzoides – Billygoat-weed, Chick weed, Goatweed, Whiteweed – Imi-esu

Abelmoschus esculentus – Okra- Ila

Abrus precatorius -jequirity, Crab’s eye, rosary pea, precatory pea or bean, John Crow Bead, Indian licorice – Oju-ologbo

Abutilon mauritianum – Furu

Acacia ataxacantha – Ihun, Ewon adele

Acacia nilotica – Baani, Booni

Acanthospermum hispidum – Bristly starbur, Goat’s head, Hispid starburr – Dagunro

Acanthus montanus – Bear’s Breech or Mountain Thistle – Ahon-ekun, Irunmu arugbo

Adansonia digitata – baobab – Ose

Aerva lanata – mountain knotgrass – Efun-ile

Aframomum melegueta – Grains of Paradise – Atare

Alafia barteri – Agbari etu

Allium ascalonicum – The shallot – Alubosa elewe, alubosa onisu

Different plants

Alchornea cordifolia – Ipa

Caesalpinia pulcherima – Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence – Eko-omode

Afzelia africana – Afzelia, Lenke, Lengue, or Doussi – Apa-igbo

Alternanthera sessilis – sessile joyweed or dwarf copperleaf – Reku-reku

Anacardium occidentale – Cashew – Kasu

Anthocleista djalonensis, Anthocleista liebrechtsiana – Sapo, Shapo

Arachis hypogea – peanut, or groundnut – Epa

Bambusa vulgaris – Golden Bamboo, or Buddha’s Belly Bamboo – Oparun

Baphia nitida – African sandalwood – Osun, Irosun

Allanblackia floribunda – tallow tree – Eku, Eso roro

Byrsocarpus coccineus – Amuje wewe

Calendula officinalis – pot marigold – Ododo-Maria in yoruba

Calotropis procera – Sodom apple – Bomubomu

Canarium schweinfurthii – African elemi or canarium – Paapo, Origbo

Canavalia ensiformis – jack bean – Sese-nla

Carapa procera – Carapa – Abo-oganwo

Cardiospermum halicacabum – balloon plant or love in a puff – Shaworo

Celastrus indica – Ponju-owiwi

Ceiba pentandra – Araba

Cissampelos owariensis – Ewe jokoje

Chromolaena odorata – Siam weed – Akintola, Awolowo

Tetracarpidium conophorum – Nigerian walnut – Awusa, Asala

Vernonia colorata – Ironweed – Eriro-Ijebu

Xylopia aethiopica – Eeru, Erunje

Tridax procumbens – Igbalode, Muwagun

Waltheria indica – Ewe-epo

Vitex doniana – Oori-nla

Uvaria chamae – finger root or bush banana – Eruju

Viscum album – mistletoe- Afomo in yoruba

Uvaria afzelii – Gbongbose, Anikan wogba-arun

Urena lobata – Ilasa-agborin, Ilasa-omode

Uraria picta – Alupayida

Voacanga africana – Ako-dodo

Argemone mexicana – Mexican poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Flowering thistle, cardo or cardosanto – Egun arugbo, Ekan-ekun

Artocarpus altilis – Berefurutu

Boerhaavia diffusa – punarnava – Etiponla, Olowojeja

Borreria verticillata – Irawo ile

Carpolobia lutea – Osunsun

Citrullus colocynthis – colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi, or vine of Sodom – Egusi-baara

Citrus aurantium – Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange – Osan

Aspilia africana – Yunyun

Nicotiana tabacum – Ewe taba

Transvaal alchornea – yoruba: ijandu, ijandudu, gbaluwo, ijan pupa, sewo sese pepe, ijan, ijan funfun, pepe

Christmas bush – yoruba: isin, ipa, epa, esin, asiyin, esin abata

Yellow siris, yellow bean – yoruba: ayinreta, ayinre popo, ayunre, akudinrin, alota

Lebbeck tree, siris tree, white siris tree, bastard lebbeck, tall albizia, white siris – Yoruba: ayinreta; Edo: ekpaghudo; Igbo: nyie avu

Flat Crown – yoruba: ayinre, ayinre isingede, ayinre ogo

Black currant tree – yoruba: aduigbo, asofeyeje, olowuko, yanya holo

Tassel berry – yoruba: aponlojusese, aroro

White mahogany – yoruba: ifa okete

Kola nut – yoruba: obi-abata, ogungun

Zulu coshwood, vanquisher – yoruba: atewu-edun, orodo, ofun, fomu, obi-edun

Job’s tears, gromwell-read, pearl barley – yoruba: obi, obi ifin, obi pupa, obi abata

African mahogany, counterwood – Yoruba : apa, ako apa, apa igbo

Pond apple – afe

Soursop, prickly custard apple : eko oyibo, eko omode

Wild custard apple, custard apple – abo, arere, afon

Silk tree albizia, mimosa, mimosa tree, silk tree, silk sirirs, Persian acacia, pik siris tree – ayinre, ayinreye

Pattern wood, alstonia – atikekereheyin, dagunro kekere

Scrub ironbark, grey birch – ira odan, ira, iralodan

Coastal goldenleaf, coast goldleaf – asaragba, asa gidi, aarasa, ira, fonu fonu

Blighia konig sapindaceae, akee apple – isin odo, isin jise, isin oka, isin odan

Triangle tops, Phialodiscus unijugatus, P. plurijugaturs, P. zambesiacus – isin ako, ako isin, odofin ile, akoisin

Star apple – osan agbalumo, osan olomo wewe, onidosan, agbalumo olomo

Satin leaf, Damson plum – osan edun, osan palambi, osanko

Upas tree, antiaris – oriro, oro, oro efun, abori kefun, awase, oriro omo oluugbo

Alligator weed – sawewe

Sessile joyweed, sessile floweres globe amaranth – ewaowo, awo crede, moni roderode, saje

leaves of Senecio biafrae – worowo in Yoruba

fermented seeds of Parkia biglobosa, African locust beans in English, Igba/Iyere in Yoruba

leaves of Talinum triangulare (water leaf) or Basella alba, Indian spinach in English, Amunututu in Yoruba

West African black pepper/Ashanti pepper (Piper guineense, Uziza in Igbo and Ata iyere in Yoruba

Phyllanthus amarus – ehin olobe or eyin olobe in Yoruba

Celosia argentea – soko (yoruba)

Launaea taraxacifolia – African lettuce, wild lettuce – efo yanrin.

Xanthosoa poeppigii – ewe koko

Citrus aurantiifolia – osanwene

Anacardium occidentale – kasu

Vernonia amygdalina Delile – ewuroaja

Bridelia ferruginea benth – ira

Physic nut, termite plant, Barbados nut, fig nut – eto-mkpo

Monodora myristica – abo lakoshe, arigho, eyinaghose

Lawsonia inermis – henna, cypress shrub, egyptian privet, alkanna – laali in yoruba, uhie inine in Igbo.

Hybanthus Enneasprmus – abiwere in yoruba Usolala-ocha in Igbo.

Asparagus africanus – aluki, kadankobe

Syzygium aromaticum – Clove – konofuru

Holarrhena Floribunda – Holarrhenna – Ako-ire, are-ibeji, areno, isai

Alstonia Boonei – awun

Shea butter tree – emi, emi-egidi

Guava – guafa

Solanum incanum L. – Bitter apple – ikan

Brimstone tree – oruwo, owuru

Garlic – Allium sativum – ayu

Plant names from Yoruba

Morinda lucida – Oruwo

Enantia chlorantha – Awopa

Alstonia boonei – Ahun

Gossypium barbadense – cotton seed – Owu

Alstonia boonei – Stool wood – Ahun

Cymbopogon citratus – lemon grass – Ewe tea, Oko oba

Carica papaya – pawpaw – Ibepe

persea americana – avocado pear – Pia

Hymenostegia – ikun

Emilia coccineus – Scarlet tassel flower – odundun-odo

Peperomia pellucida – Silver bush – Renren

Elaeis guineesis – Red oil palm – Ekuro

Vitex grandifolia – Stool wood – Oori

Bryophyllum pinnatum – Life plant – Abamoda

Cajanus cajan – Pigeon Pea – Otiili

Vernonia amygdalina – Bitter leaf – Ewuro

Nicotiana tabacum – Virginia tobacco – Ewe taba

Allium ascalonicum – Onion – alubosa gambari, alubosa keta, elubasa

Garcinia kola – Bitter kola – Orogbo

Citrus aurantifolia – Lime – Osan wewe

Citrus paradise – Grape – Osan nla

Amaranthus spinosa – spiny amaranth – Tete elegun

Amaranthus viridis – slender amaranth – tete- abalaye

Bryophyllum pinnatum – mother of millions – Odundun Abamoda

Calotropis procera – milkweed – Bomubomu

Heliotropium indicum – scorpion weed – Ogbe ori akuko, Agogo igun

Kalanchoe crenata – Eti eleti

Manihot esculenta – cassava, tapioca, manioc, yucca – Gbaguda, Ege

Momordica charantia – bitter melon, bitter gourd, balsam pear – Ejinrin were

Ananas comosus – Pineapple – Ope-oyinbo

Ocimum basilicum – Basil – Efinrin wewe, ofen, eferi, efinrin aruntantan, efinrin ata, efinrin marugbosanyan, efinrin aja

Ricinus communis – Castor oil plant – lava pupa, Laa funfun

Bambusa vulgaris – bamboo – oparun

Anacardium occidentale – cashew nut tree – Kausu

Cucuma doonestica valeton cucuma longe – turmeric – atale, atale pupa

Verbena – Verbena officinalisVerbena – Ewe Orukan, Yemaya.

Parsley – Petroselinum crispum – Isako, Oshun

Sage -Salvia officinalis – Kiriwi, Babaluaye, Obatala.

Purslane, Pigweed, Little Hogweed – Portulaca oleracea – Gbure.

Spinach – Spinacia oleracea – Obedo, Ewe tutu, Ede.

Anise – Pimpinella anisum – Eweise, Ochiosi, Azowano.

Medicine plants with yoruba Names

Sweet potato – oduku, anamo, edumsi, kukundunkun

Colocasia esculenta – taro, dasheen – ikoko, kok, isu koko, koko, koko funfun

Canna indica – edible canna – ido, okun

Cyper esculentus – chufa, rushnut, earth almond – ofio, ofio omu, imumu ofio omu, erunsha

Dioscorea alata – water yam, common yam – ewura duduku, kiamfa, arunfanfan, atti, egbodo

Dioscorea bulbifera – potato yam, aerial yam – emina, guite sinde, guite sode, aparia isu, emina esi,

Dioscorea cayenensis – yellow yam, negro yam – pansaga, agandan, aginipa, apepe, igangan

Dioscorea dumetorum – Bitter yam – itakun isu

Dioscorea esculenta – lesser yam – isu alubosa

Musa paradisiaca – plantain – (banana fruit) ogede agbagba

Zea mays – sweet corn – agbado

Centella asiatica – asiatic pennywort, wild violet – ewe karo

Crassocephalum crepidioides – hawksbeard velvetplant – ebolo, efodu, egusi

Opuntia ficus-indica – prickly-pear, Indian fig – oro agogo

Cucurbita pepo – summer squash, courgette, zucchini, marrow, pumpkin – elegbe, elegede, apala

Lagenaria siceraria – bottle gourd,calabash gourd, white flowered gourd, white pumpkin – igba

Luffa aegyptiaca – smooth loofah, discloth gourd, sponge gourd, vegetable sponde – run, erun kaankan

Telfairia occidentalis – fluted gourd – egusi, iroko

Trrichosanthes cucumerina – snake gourd – tomato elejo

Arachis hypogaea – peanut, grouns nut, pea nut, chinese almond – egpa, epa gidi, ogodsia

Cajanus cajan – pigeon pea, cajan pea, Conge pea, yellow dhal, cajan pea – otili, otimi

Canavalia ensiformis – jack bean, horse bean – papanla, popondo, poponla

Lablab purpureus – hyacinth bean, lubia bean, Indian bean – awuje

Mucuna prurins – velvet bean, buffalo bean – werekpe, esin, esinfunfun, esise, ewe ina, here, wepe, werepe, yerepe

Solanum melongena, eggplant – Igba aja

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